Questions and answers – Oliver Twist – Chapter 2

Questions with model answers
1) Why was Oliver careful to hide when he saw people in the street?
   -Because he thought they would want to take him back to Mr. Sowerberry.
2) How did Oliver go to London?
   -He walked. /On foot.
3) How long did Oliver walk to London? How did he suffer during his trip?
   -He walked for seven days, sleeping in fields and eating very little.
4) How could Jack trick Oliver when he met him?
   -He told him he knew a man who would give work and a room for nothing and took him to Fagin.
5) How was Oliver expectation about London as a great city just a naïve illusion?
    – Jack took Oliver through streets that were poorer and dirtier than he had ever seen.
6) Where did Fagin live? What was he like?
    -He lived in a large, dark back room. He was an ugly old man with red hair.
7) Despite having a lot of jewellery, Fagin lived in an old house. How did Oliver account for this?
     – He thought the old gentleman must be a miser to live in such an old place, or perhaps he used all       his money to look after the boys.
8) How did the gang try to teach Oliver picking pockets?
    – Fagin put a watch, a notebook and a wallet in his pockets. Then he walked around the room,
    pretending to be looking in shop windows. Jack and Charley then slightly picked up these things
    from his pockets.
9) When did Oliver understood that Fagin and the boys are thieves ?
     – When he saw Jack and Charley took a handkerchief from Mr. Brownlow’s pocket.
10) How was Oliver a victim of others’ deeds?
    – When Jack and Charley ran away, Oliver was wrongly caught for theft.
11) Why was Mr. Brownlow puzzled when he saw Oliver?
    -Because he thought that he had seen his face before.
12) What did the magistrate decide when he heard what Oliver had done?
    -He decided that Oliver should go to prison.
13) What happened to Oliver upon hearing that he would be imprisoned?
   -On hearing the news, Oliver felt ill and fainted. He was carried out of the room.
14) How did the bookshop owner (Mr. Brownlow) save Oliver from imprisonment?
   – Mr. Brownlow told the magistrate that it wasn’t Oliver who robbed him but two other boys.
15) How did Mr. Brownlow take Oliver to his house? Why?
   -He took him in a coach. He seemed a kind hearted man.
16) What did Oliver think of Fagin?
  -Fagin must be a miser to live in such an old place .
17) Where did Oliver stay in Mr. Brownlow’s house?
   -He in slept a warm, comfortable bed in Mr. Brownlow’s large house
18) How long did Oliver take to recover (get better)?
-Several days.
19) Why was Mr. Brownlow puzzled for the second time when he saw Oliver?
-Because he was looking at a painting of a pretty woman on the wall above Oliver’s head. The eyes, the head and the mouth were almost the same as Oliver’s.
20) How was Oliver when he saw the portrait of the woman?
-He was amazed.
21) How did Fagin feel when he heard what had happened to Oliver? Prove.
-Fagin was so angry. He threw a cup of coffee at Charley.
22) What problem would they face as a result of Oliver’s being arrested?
-Oliver will probably tell the police where we are and what we do.
23) Who did Fagin and Sikes send to find out what happened to Oliver? Why?
-Nancy. Because the police don’t know her.
24) Why did Fagin decide to find Oliver?
-He was afraid that the police would know about them .
25) What did Fagin decide when he knew that Mr. Brownlow took Oliver to his house?
-He decided that they must find out where he was before he told anyone about them.
26) Who were sent to find Oliver?
-Nancy and the Artful Dodger.
Quotations:-
1-” I hope you’ve been at work this morning, boys.”
-What work and who are the boys .
2“the boy is so very young “
-Why did the speaker say so ?
3“Well done I felt nothing .You’re a clever boy. You’ll be as successful as the Artful Dodger”
What was the cleverness he talk about ?.
4- ” Stop thief “
-Why did the speaker say so?
 
5-“Let the boy go free and stop wasting my time”
Who was the speaker and did he say so ?
6-“I don’t think he did it “
What does he refer to? And what did he do ?
 7-“Go find Oliver . Don’t stop until you find him, not even for a minute”
-Who was the speaker and why did he want them to find Oliver ?
 
 8- “You must be quite or you will be ill again”
-Why did the speaker say so and why the addressee ill
Find the mistake
  1-Thanks to Fagin who proved that Oliver was innocent.
  2-The magistrate decision was to send Oliver to the workhouse.
  3-Oliver was taken to Mr. Brownlow’s house by car.
  4- Oliver went to London by bus .
  5- Fagin felt happy when the boys left Oliver alone.
  6- The officer set Oliver free as he didn’t want to waste his time.
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Questions and answers Gulliver’s travels Chapter 2

Questions and answers
1-What did Gulliver do to punish people who hurt him?
He picked them up one at a time and put five of them in his pocket. He held the other one in my hand and picked up a knife. He laughed and moved the knife towards the little man’s hands. They all looked horrified.
2-What did the guard think Gulliver would do with the one of the men?
They thought he was going to eat him .
3- How did the king try to reward Gulliver for  his kindness?
The King decided to make him a bed.
4- How could the kings men make Gulliver a bed?
Workmen fitted together six hundred beds
5- What made the king worried about too many people coming to see Gulliver?
The King became worried because some of the villages were now so empty that there were not enough people to work in the fields.
7-How did the king  solve the problem of people coming to see Gulliver?
He made a new law saying that no one could see him without a license, which people had to pay for.
8– How would they be able to feed Gulliver during his stay on the island?
It was decided that all the people living near the city should supply sixty cows, forty sheep, bread and fruit every morning to help feed him.
19-How would they look after Gulliver during his stay on the island?
Six hundred people would be paid to look after him . Another three hundred people would be employed to make his clothes and six of the King’s best advisers would become his teachers, helping him to learn their language.
10- What measures did the king take before setting Gulliver free?
 Two of king’s soldiers were allowed to search his clothes for any weapons
11-What was the aim of searching Gulliver for any dangerous weapons?
The king  must protect his people. He must guarantee their safety.
12-How could the king’s soldier search Gulliver despite his big size?
Gulliver helped them , put them first in his coat pockets and then in his other pockets.
13-What thing couldn’t the soldier find on searching Gulliver? Give a reason?
The soldiers had not found a pair of glasses and some other things that he had kept in a secret pocket.
14-How did the soldiers behave when they heard the loud noise of the gun? Why?
The noise made the soldiers fall onto the ground in fear. The noise was too loud for them.
15-What puzzled the king about the watch?
He did not understand what it was for or why it made a continuous noise.
16- Why did the king order his men to take the guns and the watch to the palace?
So that his experts could examine them
17-What did Gulliver do to gain the Kings’ trust?
He did everything Gulliver could to please the King. So that they would set him free.
 18-Did Gulliver succeed in gaining the king’s confidence\ trust? Give clues 
Yes he did, Gulliver complied to the king. the King soon invited Gulliver to some important events.
 19-What did the king invite Gulliver to?
The King  invited Gulliver to some important events. Gulliver was invited to watch some of the country’s best athletes.
 20-How did people practice high jump on the island of Lilliput?
Two men held the ends of a long pole and the athletes took turns to jump over the pole. After each successful jump, the pole was put in a higher position
21-What was the winner given at the end of the competition?
The person who jumped the highest was given a coloured ribbon by the King
22-How did the king try to show Gulliver their Military forces?
the King decided to show Gulliver  the size of his army.
23-What did the king ask the soldier to do in the military parade?
He ordered three thousand of his soldiers to ride their horses in a line between his legs while Gulliver stood without moving by the town gates. The people watching loved watching this and everyone clapped
24- Who was against setting Gulliver’s free\ giving his freedom?
 One adviser called Skyresh Bolgolam did not want Gulliver  to be free.
25- What promises should Gulliver make to be set free?
Gulliver  must promise not to enter the city unless he was asked
-He  must promise not to step on any of the people of Lilliput.
-He must  not lie down in any fields.
-He  must agree not to leave the country without a licence.
– Finally, he must promise to fight for the King if there was ever a war with Blefuscu,
the country  next to theirs.
26- What did Gulliver ask the king to do on setting him free?
He asked the king if he could see his great city, which was called Mildendo.
27-What was Mildendo?
It was the king’s great city.
28-On what conditions did the king give Gulliver permission to see the city?
He had to be very careful not to damage any of the buildings or hurt any of the people.
29- How did the king try to warn people against Gulliver’s visit to Mildendo?
  He  put up a notice warning the people about my visit and told them all to stay indoors.
30- Why do you think Gulliver didn’t go through the city’s gate?
 Because the gate was too small for him. Gulliver was too big for the gate.
31- Why did Gulliver have to be careful while walking down the streets?
He needed to be careful that his coat did not damage the roofs of the small houses.
32- What could Gulliver see in the city of Mildendo?
There were many shops and little markets and in the centre of the city stood the King’s palace.
33-How could Gulliver pass over the palace without damaging any walls?
He cut down some of the largest trees to make the trees into two wooden stools. He stood on one of them and passed the other over the roof of the palace.
34- Who was Reldresal,
He was an important official who worked for the King
35- How could Reldresal talk to Gulliver despite his small size?
Gulliver offered to lie down so he could speak to him easily, but he suggested that he stand in gulliver’s hand instead. “
36- What was the inside problem in the country?
There has been a great argument between the two main political groups. Tramecksanand Slamecksan.
37- What was the argument between Tramecksan and Slamecksa about ?
Tramecksan, believed that people should wear high heels on their shoes because this was the country’s tradition. The other group, the Slamecksan, believed that they should wear low heels because this was more modern.
38- Why did Slamecksan think about the heels ? why?
The other group, the Slamecksan, believed that they  should wear low heels because this was more modern.
39- What was Belfusco ? Where was Belfusco ?
Blefuscu was an island about 800metres to the northeast of Lilliput
40- What did Reldersal tell Gulliver about Belfuscu ?
Reldresal said that this island was nearly as large and as powerful as Lilliput and the countries had been fighting each other for many years.
41- How did the war between the Lilluput and Belfuscu begin ?
They disagreed about how to break  a boiled egg  before they ate it.
42- What was the traditional way to break an egg?
 The traditional way to break an egg before you eat it is to break it at the larger end.
43- What were the people of Belfuso  planning to?
 They were planning to attack Lilliput any day soon.
44- Why did the king ask Reldresal  to tell Gulliver about this problem?”
 Because he wants Gulliver  to help them in their fight against Belfuscu.
Quotations
1 – “Off you go, Your king wants to keep me tied up, but I don’t mind  if you are free.”
– What did Gulliver do with the other men in his pocket?
2 – ” I think this helped my situation.”
– What did he mean by this?
3 – “Your Highness, you know I won’t hurt your people.”
 – What did Gulliver ask from the king?
4 –I can see that you are not a violent man, but this will take time and you need to be patient.”
 – What should Gulliver be patient for?
5 –” First of all, you must allow two of my soldiers to search your clothes.”
 – What would search him for?
6 – “Whatever we find in your pockets, we will keep them.”
– What would they do with these things?
7 – ” Your sword looks extremely dangerous. please put it down.”
– What did he show the king after that ?
8 – ” What are these strange things?”
1 – Who was the addressee?
2 – What were these things?
9 – ” I will show you ,don’t worry , they will make loud noise.”
 – What were these things?
10 – ” What is this strange machine for? Why does it make noise?”
 – What machine does he refer to?
11 – “I hope you will be a useful servant to me and prove that I’ve been right to feed you ……”
 – How did he feed him?
12 –  “I will do my best .”
 – Why did he say this ?
13 – ” I have something important to tell you.”
– What did he tell Gulliver?
14 –” we are all pleased that you’re now free, but this is only because of the difficult situation in Lilliput.”
 – What was the outside problem?
15“This law is not at all popular and there have been many rebellions because of it.”
 -What was that law?
16“I am ready to help to defend your country from any coming attack.”
 – Why did Gulliver agree to do that?
Find the mistakes and correct the sentences
1 – Gulliver used the knife to kill the man.
2 – Because of his kindness , The king decided to make Gulliver a bag.
3 – The king made a law saying that it is allowed to see Gulliver without a license.
4 – The king appointed some of the farmers to teach Gulliver.
5 – Gulliver asked the king not to set him free.
6 – In Gulliver’s pocket , the soldiers found a sword and some scissors.
7 – The king gave the winner of the competition a black ribbon.
8 – The king’s army moved between Gulliver’s hands.
9 – Gulliver had to make some promises to be punished.
10 – Gulliver should step on any one of Lilliput.
11 – Gulliver refused all the promises happily.
12 – There are three problems that face the king.
13 – The outside problem was about wearing shoes with high or low heels.
14 – The king made a law that everyone should break en egg larger end.
15 – The king wanted Gulliver to fight against him in his war.

The Lord of the Flies
During an unnamed time of war, a plane carrying a group of British schoolboys is shot down over the Pacific. The pilot of the plane is killed, but many of the boys survive the crash and find themselves deserted on an uninhabited island, where they are alone without adult supervision. The first two boys introduced are the main protagonistsالانصار  of the story: Ralph is among the oldest of the boys, handsome and confident, while Piggy, as he is derisively  سخريةcalled, is a pudgyقصير asthmatic boyيعانى من ازمة صدرية (ربو) with glasses who nevertheless possesses a keen intelligence يمتللك حس وفطنة. Ralph finds a conch shell, and when he blows it the other boys gather together. Among these boys is Jack Merridew, an aggressive boy who marches at the head of his choir بمعنى يتزعم شلة . Ralph, whom the other boys choose as chief, leads Jack and another boy, Simon, on an expedition to explore the island. On their expedition they determine that they are, in fact, on a deserted island and decide that they need to find food. The three boys find a pig, which Jack prepares to kill but finally balks before he can actually stab it.
When the boys return from their expedition, Ralph calls a meeting and attempts to set rules of order for the island. Jack agrees with Ralph, for the existence of rules means the existence of punishment for those who break them, but Piggy reprimandsيؤنبJack for his lack of concern over long-term issues of survival. Ralph proposes that they build a fire on the mountain which could signal their presence to any passing ships. The boys start building the fire, but the younger boys lose interest when the task proves too difficult for them. Piggy proves essential to the process: ( اهمية بيجى فى اشعال النار انه يملك النظارة ) the boys use his glasses to start the fire. After they start the fire, Piggy loses his temper and criticizes the other boys for not building shelters first. He worries that they still do not know how many boys there are, and he believes that one of them is already missing.
While Jack tries to hunt pigs, Ralph orchestrates the building of shelters for the boys. The smallest boys have not helped at all, while the boys in Jack’s choir, whose duty is to hunt for food, have spent the day swimming. Jack tells Ralph that he feels as if he is being hunted himself when he hunts for pigs. When Simon, the only boy who has consistently helped Ralph, leaves presumably to take a bath, Ralph and Jack go to find him at the bathing pool. But Simon instead is walking around the jungle alone. He finds a serene open space with aromatic bushes and flowers.
The boys soon settle into a daily pattern on the island. The youngest of the boys, known generally as the “littluns,” spend most of the day searching for fruit to eat. When the boys play, they still obey some sense of decencyاللياقة والادب  toward one another, despite the lack of parental authority. Jack continues to hunt, while Piggy, who is accepted as an outsider among the boys, considers building a sundial l عاكس للاضاءة (مزولة). A ship passes by the island but does not stop, perhaps because the fire has burned out. Piggy blames Jack for letting the fire die, for he and his hunters have been preoccupied مشغولة  with killing a pig at the expense المصروفاتof their duty, and Jack punches Piggy, breaking one lens of his glasses. Jack and the hunters chant, “Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Bash her in” in celebration of the kill, and they perform a dance in which Maurice pretends to be a pig and the others pretend to attack him.
                  Ralph becomes concerned by the behavior of Jack and the hunters and begins to appreciate Piggy’s maturity نضجة ووعية. He calls an assembly in which he criticizes the boys for not assisting with the fire or the building of the shelters. He insists that the fire is the most important thing on the island, for it is their one chance for rescue, and declares that the only place where they should have a fire is on the mountaintop. Ralph admits that he is frightened but says that there is no legitimate المشروعةreason to be afraid. Jack then yells at the littluns for their fear and for not helping with hunting or building shelters. He proclaims that there is no beast on the island, as some of the boys believe, but then a littlun, Phil, tells that he had a nightmare and when he awoke saw something moving among the trees. Simon says that Phil probably saw Simon, for he was walking in the jungle that night. But the littluns begin to worry about the beast, which they conceive as a ghost or a squid الحبار. Piggy and Ralph fight once more, and when Ralph attempts to assert the rules of order, Jack asks rhetorically whether anyone cares about the rules. Ralph in turn insists that the rules are all that they have. Jack then decides to lead an expedition to hunt the beast, leaving only Ralph, Piggy and Simon behind. Piggy warns Ralph that if Jack becomes chief, the boys will never be rescued.
That night, during an aerial battle, a pilot parachutes down the island. The pilot dies, possibly on impact. The next morning, as the twins Sam and Eric are adding kindling to the fire, they spot the pilot and mistake him for the beast. They scramble down the mountain and wake up Ralph. Jack calls for a hunt, but Piggy insists that they should stay together, for the beast may not come near them. Jack claims that the conch is now irrelevant  غير ذى صلة. He takes a swing at Ralph when Ralph accuses Jack of not wanting to be rescued. Ralph decides to join the hunters on their expedition to find the beast, despite his wish to rekindle احياء the fire on the mountain. When they reach the other side of the island, Jack expresses his wish to build a fort near the sea.
The hunters, while searching for the beast, find a boarخنزير برى that attacks Jack, but Jack stabs it and it runs away. The hunters go into a frenzy, lapsing into their “kill the pig” chant once again. Ralph realizes that Piggy remains with the littluns back on the other side of the island, and Simon offers to go back and tell Piggy that the other boys will not be back that night. Ralph realizes that Jack hates him and confronts him about that fact. Jack mocks Ralph for not wanting to hunt, claiming that it stems ينبع from cowardice الجبن, but when the boys see what they believe to be the beast they run away.
Ralph returns to the shelters to find Piggy and tells him that they saw the beast, but Piggy remains skeptical متشكك. Ralph dismisses the hunters as boys with sticks, but Jack accuses him of calling his hunters cowards. Jack attempts to assert control over the other boys, calling for Ralph’s removal as chief, but when Ralph retains the support of the other boys Jack runs away, crying. Piggy suggests that, if the beast prevents them from getting to the mountaintop, they should build a fire on the beach, and reassures them that they will survive if they behave with common sense. Simon leaves to sit in the open space that he found earlier. Jack claims that he will be the chief of the hunters and that they will go to the castle rock where they plan to build a fort and have a feast. The hunters kill a pig, and Jack smears the blood over Maurice’s face. They then cut off the head and leave it on a stake as an offering for the beast. Jack brings several hunters back to the shelters, where he invites the other boys to join his tribe and offers them meat and the opportunity to hunt and have fun. All of the boys, except for Ralph and Piggy, join Jack.
Meanwhile, Simon finds the pig’s head that the hunters had left. He dubs يصف it The Lord of the Flies because of the insects that swarm around it. He believes that it speaks to him, telling him how foolish he is and that the other boys think he is insane مجنون. The pig’s head claims that it is the beast, and it mocks the idea that the beast could be hunted and killed. Simon falls down and loses consciousness. After he regains consciousness and wanders around, he sees the dead pilot that the boys perceived to be the beast and realizes what it actually is. He rushes down the mountain to alert the other boys about what he has found.
Ralph and Piggy, who are playing at the lagoon alone, decide to find the other boys to make sure that nothing unfortunate happens while they are pretending to be hunters. When they find Jack, Ralph and Jack argue over who will be chief. When Piggy claims that he gets to speak because he has the conch, Jack tells him that the conch does not count on his side of the island. The boys panic when Ralph warns them that a storm is coming. As the storm begins, Simon rushes from the forest, telling about the dead body on the mountain. Under the impression that he is the beast, the boys descend on Simon and kill him.
Back on the other side of the island, Ralph and Piggy discuss Simon’s death. They both took part in the murder, but they attempt to justify their behavior as motivated by fear and instinct. The only four boys who are not part of Jack’s tribe are Ralph and Piggy and the twins, Sam and Eric, who help tend to the fire. At Castle Rock, Jack rules over the boys with the trappings of an idol. He has kept one boy tied up, and he instills fear in the other boys by warning them about the beast and the intruders. When Bill asks Jack how they will start a fire, Jack claims that they will steal the fire from the other boys. Meanwhile, Ralph, Piggy and the twins work on keeping the fire going but find that it is too difficult to do by themselves. They return to the shelters to sleep. During the night, the hunters attack the four boys, who fight them off but suffer considerable injuries. Piggy learns the purpose of the attack: they came to steal his glasses.
After the attack, the four boys decide to go to the castle rock to appeal to Jack as civilized people. They groom themselves to appear presentable and dress themselves in normal schoolboy clothes. When they reach Castle Rock, Ralph summons the other boys with the conch. Jack arrives from hunting and tells Ralph and Piggy to leave them alone. When Jack refuses to listen to Ralph’s appeals to justice, Ralph calls the boys painted fools. Jack takes Sam and Eric as prisoners and orders them to be tied up. Piggy asks Jack and his hunters whether it is better to be a pack of painted Indians or sensible like Ralph, but Roger tips a rock over on Piggy, causing him to fall down the mountain to the beach. The impact kills him and, to the delight of Jack, shatters the conch shell. Jack declares himself chief and hurls his spear at Ralph, who runs away.
Ralph hides near Castle Rock, where he can see the other boys, whom he no longer recognizes as civilized English boys but as savages. He crawls to the entrance of Jack’s camp, where Sam and Eric are now stationed as guards, and they give him some meat and urge him to leave. While Ralph hides, he realizes that the other boys are rolling rocks down the mountain. Ralph evades the other boys who are hunting for him, then realizes that they are setting the forest on fire in order to smoke him out-and thus will destroy whatever fruit is left on the island.
Running for his life, Ralph finally collapses on the beach, where a naval officer has arrived with his ship. He thinks that the boys have only been playing games, and he scolds them for not behaving in a more organized and responsible manner as is the British custom. As the boys prepare to leave the island for home, Ralph weeps for the death of Piggy and for the end of the boys’ innocence.

اسئلة للتدريب على استخدام ادوات التعريف والتنكير


1-Choose the correct answer from a , b , c , or d :
1-He goes to———————-bed to sleep.
a- the                 b –  a                c- an                     d- no article
2-He got the best mark in——————-English.
a- a                    b-the                 c-an                      d- no article
3-He worked as —————-professor at university.
a- a                     b- an                  c – the                  d- no article
4-The moon goes around————————earth.
a- The                   b- no article        c- a                     d- an
5-My brother enjoys playing —————–piano
a- a                       b- the                 c- no article          d- an
6- I am very hungry, I want to have ——————-lunch.
a- a                        b- the                 c- an                    d- no article
7- ——————-death of my friend was bad for me.
a- The                     b- no article        c- an                   d-a
8- —————-president Mubarak met Queen Victoria last year.
a – a                         b-  an        c- the                         d- no article
9- Cairo is the capital of ——————Egypt.
a – a                       b- the          c- no article               d- an
10-Cairo is the capital of ——————-A.R.E.
a- a                       b- the           c-  no article                d- an
11- She had ——————-accident.
a- a                       b- an              c-  the                      d- no article
12- Will you come to—————-lunch of our friend?
a- a                      b-an                c-the                        d-no article
13—————elephant lives in Africa.
a- a                    b-an                   c-the                         d-no article
14-Dr Zewail was awarded————Noble prize for chemistry.
a-a                     b-an                   c-the                       d-no article
15- ——————children can be cruel.
a- a                   b-an                    c-the                        d-no article
16—————children in Lord of the Flies are cruel.
a- a                    b-an                   c-the                        d-no article
17-Egypt lies in ———————-Africa.
a- a                    b-an                   c-the                         d-no article
18-Please , don’t put your books on —————-TV.
a- a                      b-an                 c-the                          d-no article
19-We went to —————-hospital to visit my ill sister.
a- a                     b-an                 c-the                       d-no article
20—————–flowers on the table are very good.
a- a                      b-an                 c-the                        d-no article
21- I —————- mobile yesterday. ———–mobile was expensive.
a- an                    b-a                    c-no article               d- the
22——————-rich should help the poor.
a- a                       b-an                c-the                          d-no article
23—————–femto second was discovered by Dr Zewail.
a- a                       b-an                 c-the                         d-no article
24—————–freedom is the best thing in life.
a- a                     b-an                 c-the                    d-no article
25-My friend is ——————–engineer.
a-a                      b-an                c-the                      d-no article
26-France is —————-European country.
a- a                      b-an                c-the                      d-no article
2-Find the mistakes and correct the sentences:
1-Golding was an sailor during the war.
2- The Arabic is easy.
3-The Cairo is in Egypt.
4-The king Fouad ruled Egypt.
5-She goes to hospital as she is a nurse.
6-My father went to a school to meet my teacher.
7-Can you give me a water to drink ?
8-A united Kingdom is very far.
9-We have the lunch at 6 everyday.
10-a more you work, the more problems you get.
11-Do you read a Holy Quran everyday?
12-The football is my favourite sport.
13-She is a tallest girl in the class.
14-A Sudan is an African country.
15-He sold his car. A car was very bad.

Articles      a,an ,the
1 – Indefinite (a/an)
تأتي (a)  قبل الأسم المفرد الباديء بحرف ساكن أما (an)  قبل الباديء بحرف متحرك
1- تستخدمان قبل الأسم المفرد الذي يعد عند ذكرة للمرة الأولي :
-I saw a cat .
-I ate  a sandwich
2– قبل أسماء الوظائف أو المهنة :
My friend is a doctor.( a teacher – a farmer – an engineer )
3– تشيرالى واحد من مجموعة :
He is a player in that team.
4-تستخدم مع بعض التعبيرات مثل (بعض التعبيرات الرقمية /الأسعار/السرعة )
a hundred – a dozen / 30 p a kilo. – 60 miles an hour / 24 hours a day
 ملاحظة (1)  :
 a university/ a European country/ an honest man /an hour /  a uniform
ملاحظة (2) :
     لا يأتيان قبل الأسم الجمع / الأسماء المجردة /قبل الوجبات الا اذا جاء قبلها صفة
 -Fear is natural.
 – Life is full of troubles.   A modern life is waiting for him in America
2- Definite (the)
 تستخدم   (The )  في الحالات الآتية :
1– قبل الأسماء التى منها نوع واحد فقط :
  The ( sun/moon/world/sky/equator/weather)
The earth is round.
2- عند ذكر الأسم للمرة الثانية :
I bought a book. The book was interesting.
3- قبل اسم الحيوان ليدل على الفصيلة :
The (lion/elephant/giraffe)
The lion is the king of wood.
4– قبل الأختراعات /الأكتشافات/الآلات الموسيقية/السينما/المسرح
The (telephone/ the femto second /radio/ piano/the cinema/the theatre)
 – The telephone was invented by Graham Bell.
 – He used to go to the cinema.
5 – قبل أسماء الأنهار/البحار/ المحيطات/الجزر/ الصحاري/سلاسل الجبال /مجموعةالبحيرات
The (River Nile/Red Sea/Atlantic Ocean/ Alps /Great lakes)
Can you see the River Nile from the plane?
They climbed the Alps.
These are the Great Lakes.
6- قبل اختصارات الدول والأتحادات وكذلك الدول التى بها :
The United Nations / The USA /The ARE/
Emirates / Republic/kingdom /states / Sudan/Netherlands
He comes from The USA.
The Sudan is south of Egypt.
7- قبل الصفة لتدل على فئة أو طبقة من الناس :
The rich = rich people
The old= old people.
The young should respect the old.
8 – قبل الكتب المقدسة وكذلك الصحف  :
 The Holy Quran /The Bible/ The Times
You should read and learn the Holy Quran.
I read about the accident in the Times.
9 – قبل الأعداد الترتيبة  :
The (first/second/third—————— last)
Ali was the first to win the prize.
10 – قبل الدرجة الثالثة من المقارنة(التفضيل )the supelative  :
– He is the tallest boy in the class.
She is the girl here.
11-مع التعبير الآتي ومعناه كلما ——كلما :
   The more——————–, the more————————
The more you read, the higher marks you get.
لاتستخدم   the فى الحالات الآتية
1 – الأسماء المعنوية أو المجردة :
beauty / truth /happiness/ democracy / sadness/ —
We should have democracy.
Sadness is not good.
2– مع الأسماء الجمع عند الحديث بمعنى عام
Men/women/tress/apples/teachers/
-Teachers should be patient and tolerant.
-Apples are very useful.
     ولكن —— اذا حددنا نضع قبلهم  (the)
     -The teachers in our school should be patient and tolerant.
     -The apples in our garden are very useful.
3– الأسماء التى لاتعد (لا تجمع) وتشمل
        الطعام والشراب :  milk/tea/water/coffee/meat/bread          
        المواد التى نستخدمها : oil/plastic/wood/glass/silk/cotton/iron..etc   
        الأنشطة والألعاب الرياضية : smoking/reading/football/tennis          
        المواد الدراسية واللغات :             Arabic/English /chemistry/science
 4- مع اسماء الدول والجبال المفردة والبحيرات المفردة والمدن والقارات :
Egypt/France/Africa /Lake Nasser /Mount Everest .
5 – مع أسماء الوجبات عموما :
Breakfast/lunch/dinner——
 -We have lunch at 5 o’clock.
             ولكن —– اذا حددنا نضع (the)
         -We went to the dinner that Ali organized.
6- لا تأتي قبل الألقاب التى يتبعها اسم شخص :
Presedent Obama
King Lear
Prince Abdullah
Queen Victoria.
7 – لا تأتي قبل الفصول والشهور و الأيام والأعياد :
Winter/spring/summer/autumn
April/may/July    /         Friday/Sunday  /    Eid El-Fitr
-We don’t go to school on Friday .
-He was born in July.
8- لا تأتي قبل كلمة  (work / home / TV )
-After he had finished work, he went home.
-We watched the film on TV.

Yesterday I forgot my keys on theTV    لكن لاحظ    
 9– لاتاتي  (the )  قبل الكلمات الأتية عند استخدامها لغرضها الأساسى ولكن اذا كان الشخص يذهب لغرض اخر نستخدم                     (the)   
School – hospital – prison mosque- bed – university
– We go to school to learn.
I went the school to meet the prencipal.
-He was sent to prison as he found guilty.
-The lawyer went to the prison to see his client.
-Her was ill,so he went to hospital.we went to the hospital to visit him
الكلمات (life/death/marriage )  لا يأتي قبلها(The )  ولكن اذا حددناها  نستخدم  (the)
-Life is full of problems.
-The life of Ayman is full of problems.