chapter 3 The Mask of Gold

Chapter Three
The Flight to Cuzco
Vocabulary
coastal plain
سهل ساحلى
collector
جامع (يقتنى الأشياء الثمينة)
bushes
شجيرات
equator
خط الاستواء
steep
منحدر
involve
يتورط فى
fast-flowing
يتدفق سريعا
serious
خطير- جدي-  جاد
site
موقع
museum
متحف
conversation
محادثة-حوار
organize
ينظم
marks
علامات – درجات
team
فريق
llama
حيوان اللاما
shake
يسلم على -يهز
sign
علامة
pale
شاحب -باهت
royal tomb
مقبرة ملكيه
in charge of
المسئول
experience
خبرة
local
محلى
bury
يدفن
trust
يثق ب
the dead
الموتى
fasten seat belts
يربط أحزمة المقاعد
mask
قناع
descend
ينزل – ينحدر من
queen
ملكة
overcoat
mummies
مومياوات
shake hands
سلام بالأيدى
mummified
يكفن
ِland rover
سيارة سفارى ( لاند روفر)
litters
حمالة لنقل الناس
head to
يتجه الى
Questions and Answers
1. From where did the flight take off?
The plane took off from Lima, the capital city of Peru. Dr Hafez and Leila were on board.
2. What was their destination?
They were going to Cuzco, the capital City of Inca Empire.
3. What reminded Leila of the Egyptian desert?
When she saw the coastal plain, she began to remember the Egyptian desert.
4. What did Leila see from the plane?
She could see high mountains covered with trees and bushes. They were steep and there are fast-flowing rivers.
5. How did Dr. Hafez know that he was working on the right lines?
When he read the papers that Leila brought with her.
6. Why was the plane full?
Because there were many German tourists that were going to Cuzco in order to go to Machu Picchu; the newly discovered Inca city.
7. What was Machu Pichu?
It was a great city in Inca Empire. It was lost for hundreds of years but it was discovered recently.
8. Where were they working?
They were working on a site near Quenco.
9. Why was Dr. Hafez think that the wall was for a royal tomb?
Because he found marks and a picture of a llama. This was a sign of a royal tomb.
10. How was working in the valley of Nobles useful for Dr. Hafez?
It gave him experience to differentiate between the ancient Egyptians and the Incas and how both of them buried their dead kings.
11. What were the similarities between the ancient Egyptians and Incas?
v They both mummified their dead kings.
v They dressed them fine clothes and put gold masks on their faces.
v They put gold and silver objects in the tombs.
v They put food and drink.
12. What were the differences between them?
– There were two things the Incas did but the ancient Egyptians never did:
  The Incas killed women and servants and put them with the dead kings and queens.
    –  The Incas made festivals, mummified kings were dressed in fine clothes,     and they put them on litters and go around the city.
13. Why did they kill the women and servants?
– Because they thought that they would help kings and queens in the next world.
14. Why was Dr. Hafez speaking at a low voice?
– Because he did not want any one on the plane to hear as there were more people in Peru didn’t care about Inca treasure. They wanted to take artifactsoutside the country.
15. Why did Dr. Hafez begin to suspect Martin Lander?
v He thought that Martin Lander was not his real name.
v He thought that Martin lost his job in the united mining, as he was involved in taking Inca objects out of the country.
v He did not think that there was united mining in Peru now.
16. When Dr. Hafez asked Leila if she told Martin Lander about his work she thought that she was fool. Discuss.
– Leila told Martin Lander some thing about their work but not much.
17. How did Dr. Hafez organize his work?
– It was better to work in small teams rather than one big one. He divided his archaeologists into two teams. One was under charge of Leila, and the other was under charge of himself.
18. What was Leila in charge of?
– She was in charge of three local archaeologists.
19. Why did Dr. Hafez ask Leila not to tell any one about their work?
– Because there were many people who did not care about the treasure of Inca. They stole them and sold to the collectors.
20. Why did Dr. Hafez send for Leila?
– Because:
 He wanted someone to understand him.
 He wanted some one who he trusted.
21. Amelia Guzman was very jealous of Leila. Prove.
v Amelia Guzman shook hands with Leila without a smile.
v She never offered help to Leila although she was carrying more bags than Dr. Hafez was.
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