3rd secondary story "The Mask of the Gold" . Vocabulary and questions on chapter one


Chapter One

To the Land of the Incas

Vocabulary

empire
إمبراطورية
Sigh
يتنهد
altitude
المرتفعات
Researchers
باحثين
at its height
في أقصاها
treasure
كنز
tough
أشداء
technique
تقنية
stretch
يمتد
Carbon -dating
قياس عمر الأشياء باستخدام الكربون
control
يحكم يدير
headlines
العناوين الرئيسية
extend
يمد / يمتد
pause
يتوقف لفترة قصيرة
tomb
مقبرة
Set off
يبدأ رحلة
familiar
مألوف
sob
ينتحب
conquer
يغزو
laser
أشعة الليزر
neighborhoods
الجيرة
horn
نفير
nobles
النبلاء
hug
يحضن
call
صياح
excited
منفعل
details
تفاصيل
tears
دموع
melons
بطيخ
Traffic jam
أزمة مرورية
technique
أسلوب
Keep in touch
يكون على اتصال
distant
مسافة
packing
حزم الحقائب
treasure
كنز
reporter
مراسل صحفي
ٕroar
يهدر -هدير
excavation
إعمال التنقيب عن الآثار
ٍdepartment
قسم
ٍenthusiasm
الحماس
figure
بمعنى شيء ذو شكل مميز
ًQuestions & Answers
1. Where was Leila when she got up?
– She was in her bedroom in Cairo among her parents and her sister, Samira.
2. How did Leila recognized that she was among her family in Cairo?
– She could hear the familiar sounds in Cairo:
 The neighborhood children were playing in the street.
 A call of a man selling melons.
 A distant roar of traffic.
 Her sister was in the kitchen making coffee.
3. What did Leila see in the photo next to her bed?
– When Leila looked next to the bed, she found herself looking at the camera and carrying a golden figure of an animal.
4. Where did Leila find the photo?
– It was on the table next to her bed.
5. What did the photo remind Leila?
– She remembered the only good day in her excavation with Dr. Hafez that took place in Peru.
6. Who was Dr. Hafez?
– He was a great archeologist and he was a leader of the excavation, which was going on in Peru.
7. Where did Samira take Leila?
– She was taking her to the airport as Leila was going to Peru in order to help Dr Hafez in his excavation.
8. Show that Samira had a sense of humor .
– She showed her sense of humor through two situations:
 When she travelled, she forgot half of her luggage but she could not understand the reason of the bag being light .
 When she asked Leila to ask Dr. Hafez to take care of her as she did not want her to die.
9. Why was Leila excited when Samira was taking her to the airport ?
– Because it was the first time for her to go to South America.
10. What was Leila busy doing before travelling to Peru?
Because she was busy baking her luggage all the night before leaving to Peru.  She was worried to forget something as her usual.
11. Why did people in Inca live a tough life?
– Because they lived on high altitudes, Machu Pichu was 3000 meters, and Cuzco the capital was much higher. They sacrificed their children to please gods. In addition they killed women and servants to help dead kings in the next world.
12. What was amazing about the Incas?
– Although they did not know any kind of writing, they conquered the Chimu and controlled them.
13. What was the Chimu famous for?
– People of Chimu were famous for gold and silver works.
14. Why were Leila and Dr. Hafez going to Peru?
– They went to Peru to excavate the king’s tomb from Inca.
15. Why did they look for a king’s tomb?
– They looked for a king’s tomb to find gold works of Chimu.
16. What did Leila take with her to Peru?
– She took:
(1) A laser-dating machine.
(2) Details of a new technique developed by the department of archaeology in Cairo.
17. What titles that Samira thought of?
– She thought of:
 Secret of the Inca tomb.
 Egyptian archaeologist finds Inca treasure.
18. Why did Leila think that laser-dating machine was secret?
– Because:
1) Not many people knew about it.
2) She wanted to be first to use it.
19. Why did they reach the airport on time?
– Because they set off very early. They have plenty of time to reach the airport.  However the road to the airport was jammed.
20. Show that Samira was sensitive.
– When Samira saw her sister Leila was about to leave, she hugged her and began to cry.
21. What would Leila sent her sister Samira when she reached Peru?
– She would send her a post card or an e-mail.
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